National Omnibus Laws

Presented below are the texts of data protection laws in English, or in English translation where available. State/Provincial data protection laws can be found here. In cases where a law is not available in English, we provide information where the text of that law can be obtained.

Click on the country name below to go to the appropriate law text(s).

Argentina
Australia

Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
Thailand
United Kingdom

The sources for this information are:

  • Business Guide to Privacy and Data Protection Legislation (1996) edited by Charles Franklin can be obtained from the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), in North America:
    ICC Publishing, Inc.
    156 Fifth Avenue, Suite 308
    New York, NY 10010
    USA

Phone: (212) 206 1150
Fax: (212) 633 6025

In Europe and elsewhere:
ICC Publishing S.A.
38, Cours Albert 1er
75008 Paris
France

Phone: (1) 49 53 29 23/29 56
Fax: (1) 49 53 29 02
E-mail: ICCPUB@ibmnet.com

  • The Direct Marketing Association [US] for the laws of Poland and Chile, and the Direct Marketing Association of Poland for Poland's law
  • Privacy Laws and Business
  • Communications from the Data Protection Commissions

Argentina
The Personal Data Protection Act, also known as Habeas Data, Law 25,326, October 4, 2000.

Australia
Privacy Act , November 1988, Consolidated May 1997.
Privacy Amendment (Private Sector) Act, No. 155, 2000. December 21, 2000. This document is also available in PDF and Word formats.
Law summary from Freehills, Hollingdale and Page.

Austria
Data Protection Act 2000, Austrian Federal Law Gazette part I No. 165/1999 (Datenschutzgesetz 2000 or DSG 2000).

Belgium
Consolidated Version of the Belgian Law of December 8,1992 on Privacy Protection in Relation to the Processing of Personal Data as Modified by the Law of December 11, 1998 implementing Directive 95/46/EC, December 1992. (Unofficial English translation)

Canada
The Privacy Act, July 1983.
Personal Information Protection and Electronics Documents Act, April 13, 2000.

Chile
Act on the Protection of Personal Data, August 1998.

Czech Republic
Act on the Protection of Personal Data in Information Systems, April 1992.

Act of 4 April 2000 on the Protection of Personal Data and on Amendment to Some Related Acts, No. 101, April 2000.

Denmark
Danish Private Registers Act (Consolidated), June 1978, Restatement June 1987.
The Danish Public Authorities Registers Act (Consolidated), June 1978, Restatement June 1987.
Act on Processing of Personal Data, Act No. 429, May 2000.

Estonia
Personal Data Protection Act, June 1996, Consolidated July 2002.

Finland
Act on the Amedment of the Personal Data Act (986) 2000.

France
Act on Data Processing, Data Files and Individual Liberties, January 1978.

Germany
Federal Data Protection Act, December 1990, Amended 1994.
Federal Data Protection Act, (Bundesdatenschutzgesetz or BDSG), January 2002.PDF

Greece
Law No.2472 on the Protection of Individuals with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data, April 1997.

Hungary
Act LXIII of 1992 on the Protection of Personal Data and the Publicity of Data of Public Interests (excerpts in English).

Iceland
Act Concerning the Registration and Handling of Personal Data, December 1989.

Ireland
Data Protection Act, Number 25 of 1988.

Data Protection (Amendment) Act, Number 6 of 2003.PDF
Law summary from the Office of the Data Protection Commissioner.PDF

Israel
Protection of Privacy Law, February 1981.

Italy
Processing of Personal Data Act, January 1997.

Japan
Law for the Protection of Computer Processed Data Held by Administrative Organs, December 1988.

Latvia
Personal Data Protection Law, March 23, 2000.

Liechtenstein
Data Protection Act of 14th March 2002 (unofficial translation).
Ordinance on the Data Protection Act of 9 July 2002 (unofficial translation). Both are Word doucments.

Lithuania
Law on Legal Protection of Personal Data, No. IX-1296, January 2003.

Luxembourg
Act of 30 March 1979 Organising the Identification of Physical and Legal Persons by Number.
Act of 31 March 1979 Regulating the Use of Nominal Data in Data Processing.

Law of 2 August 2002 on the Protection of Persons with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data. PDF

Malta
Data Protection Act (Act XXVI of 2001), Amended March 22, 2002, November 15, 2002 and July 15, 2003.PDF

The Netherlands
Data Protection Act, July 1989.
Personal Data Protection Act, July 2000

New Zealand
Privacy Act, May 1993.
Privacy Amendment Act, 1993.
Privacy Amendment Act, 1994.

Norway
Act Relating to Personal Data Registers, June 1978.
Act of 14 April 2000 No. 31 Relating to the Processing of Personal Data (Personal Data Act), April 2000.

Poland
Law of August 29, 1997 on the Protection of Personal Data.

Portugal
Act on the Protection of Personal Data, October 1998.

Romania
Law no. 677/2001 for the Protection of Persons Concerning the Processing of Personal Data and Free Circulation of Such Data.

Russia
Information Computerization and Protection of Information, 1995.
Participation in International Information Exchange
, 1996.

Slovak Republic
Act No. 428 of 3 July 2002 on Personal Data Protection.

Slovenia
Personal Data Protection Act , RS No. 55/99.

Spain
Law 15/99 on the Protection of Data of a Personal Character, December 13, 1999.PDF

Sweden
Personal Data Protection Act (1998:204), October 24, 1998.PDF

Switzerland
The Federal Law on Data Protection, June 1992.

Taiwan
Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law, August 1995.

Thailand
Official Information Act,B.E.2540(September 1997).

United Kingdom
Data Protection Act, July 1998.

 

Page last updated April 27, 2004


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